The adrenal glands are found above each kidney and are triangle-shaped. They control many processes in the body. Their job is to keep the body in balance by making various hormones that are critical for maintaining good health.
Adrenal tumors can be both benign or cancerous. Some tumors produce no hormones, while others produce hormones that cause increased blood pressure, weight gain and elevated blood sugar. Evaluation of adrenal tumors typically involves both imaging and blood tests to assess for likelihood of cancer. If tumors are small and do not produce hormones, they may be insignificant. Others can require urgent management.
Symptoms of an adrenal gland tumor could include, high blood pressure, heart palpitations, feeling of anxiety or panic attacks, headache, diabetes and more.
Diagnosis of an adrenal gland tumor may include, blood and urine tests, CT or CAT scan or an MRI. Diagnosis will depend on the size and location of the tumor and the appropriate treatment action.
The treatment you receive depends on the type of adrenal tumor found. There are several different ways to treat adrenal tumors, including hormone therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery or drugs to control the release of hormones.