Prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. The function of the prostate is to produce fluid to facilitate sperm survival. Prostate cancer is often detected using a blood screening test called prostate-specific antigen (PSA). If the test returns elevated or if the prostate exam is abnormal, your doctor may recommend a biopsy of the prostate.
Most prostate cancers are asymptomatic. However, some advanced cancers may cause the following symptoms:
Like most cancers, the cause of prostate cancer is not known. However, the following factors that increase the risk of developing prostate cancer:
Transperineal prostate biopsy: This involves placement of an ultrasound probe in the rectum. However, instead of taking biopsies through the rectum, biopsies are taken through the skin located between the scrotum and the rectum (typically 12 biopsies are taken, but occasionally more). The procedure lasts approximately 10-15 minutes. This has been associated with lower infection rates and higher cancer detection rates.
A variety of treatment options exist for prostate cancer and an individual approach is developed depending on the grade and stage of the cancer, as well as the age and overall health status of the patient. Treatment options include active surveillance, robotic surgery, radiation, hormonal therapy, and chemotherapy. Occasionally, a combination of treatments is recommended.
Schedule an appointment with a MidLantic Urology physician near you today!