The testicles are the male genital organs that are responsible for sperm production as well as male hormone production. There are different subtypes of testicular tumors. The two most common being seminoma and non-seminoma.
You may experience the following common symptoms:
The cause of most testicular cancers is unknown, but various risk factors have been identified including: history of an undescended testicle as a child and genetic factors.
Most testicular tumors require surgical excision. In certain situations, systemic therapy may be utilized.
The gold standard for testicle tumor/mass removal is a radical orchiectomy (removal of the entire testicle through a small incision in the groin). Testicular biopsies are rarely performed prior to this surgery. In very select cases just the tumor can be removed.
If the lymph nodes within the abdomen are enlarged, surgical removal (Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection) may be performed with or without receiving chemotherapy first.
Radiation therapy is also used for specific subtypes of testicular cancer.
Schedule an appointment with a MidLantic Urology physician near you today!