Prostatitis is an inflammatory process in the prostate gland that sometimes results from infection, but other times causes may not be known. It can be an acute problem that is self-limited, but can also be chronic, leading to persistent or recurrent pelvic pain or urinary symptoms. Prostatitis can usually be managed with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications, but management can at times be complicated.
Prostatitis can make urination difficult or even painful. Other symptoms may include pain in the groin, pelvic area or genitals. Flu-like symptoms are also a possible sign of prostatitis.
We use several tests such as an ultrasound, urine and prostate fluid tests, cystoscopy and urine flow studies to see if you have prostatitis. These tests identify any blockage caused by the prostate, urethra, or pelvic muscles. Correct diagnosis of your exact type of prostatitis is key to getting the best treatment, as prostatitis can be acute or chronic.
Treatment will depend on the cause of the prostatitis and the type you have. Antibiotics is the most common form of treatment. Other forms of treatment could include alpha blockers or anti-inflammatory agents.